Main cities

The beauty of nature and the splendour of the historical and artistic heritage merge in Cáceres, Badajoz, Mérida, Plasencia, Trujillo and Zafra.

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An impressive historical and cultural legacy

The beauty of nature and the splendour of the historical and artistic heritage merge in Cáceres, Badajoz, Mérida, Plasencia, Trujillo and Zafra.

The community of Extremadura stands out because of its great historical and artistic legacy, a heritage which it preserves carefully in the great cities and which you are invited to visit.


The first stop on your tour should be the city of Badajoz. A border city holding great treasures form the era of Moslem domination. Noteworthy are the Alcazaba, or fortress, from the twelfth century, the largest which remains in Spain, recently restored, and the Espantaperros Tower, one of the symbols of the city which is located next to the Puerta de Palmas Door, as well as the Plaza Alta (High Square) and La Soledad Hermitage. But that's not all, because Badajoz has a broad catalogue of leisure activities of its own, as well as renowned festivities, such as Carnival, Festivity of National Tourist Interest, the Almossassa Festival, and Los Palomos LGBT Festival.

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Your next stop can only be on Mérida, a beautiful city of important for the monuments of the Roman ensemble, as you will discover by visiting the impressive archaeological legacy, good examples of which are the Roman amphitheatre and theatre, which hosts the Classical International Theater Festival each summer, one of the great cultural events of Spain. It is convenient to explore the city and get to know the icons of the ancient capital of Lusitania, such as the aforementioned Theater, the Amphitheater, the Bridge, the Temple of Diana, Los Milagros Aqueduct, or the Circus. The archaeological site has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Proof of this city's glorious past is that it was the starting point for the ancient Silver Way (Vía de la Plata), which paves the way for its cosmopolitan present and future, as demonstrated by the range of leisure and tourist activities which it offers. To get an idea of what Hispania was like in the times of the Roman Empire, it is recommendable to visit the National Museum of Roman Art, the only one in Spain, and to participate in the Emerita Lvdica Festival.

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You should also make another stop in Caceres. This city has been inhabited since Prehistory and still bears the footprints of all those who lived here in its traditions and the excellent architecture in its medieval and renaissance old town. Enjoy its narrow streets, where history steps out in front of you. Cáceres likewise stands out due to its cultural agenda, with initiatives such as the WOMAD Festival, the Classical Theater Festival, and exhibitions at the Helga de Alvear Visual Arts Center. Finally, don’t miss the Holy Week, a Festival of International Touristic Interest.

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Extremadura holds many more treasures, as is the case with Plasencia, founded in the 12th century. Because of its monumental character and its proximity to Jerte and Ambroz Valleys and La Vera Region, Plasencia is one of the most attractive tourist destinations of Extremadura. It has walls which enclose the center and its Plaza Mayor, a rectangular and porticoed center of Plasencia’s social life where the great “Martes Mayor” Festival is celebrated (“Great Tuesday” – the first Tuesday of August). The Old and New Cathedral, the churches, the convents, the palaces, the city wall, and the Jewish quarters all make up a beautiful historical ensemble. Its bars and restaurants, where you can taste the delicacies of Extremadura in the form of tapas (Spanish snacks) or more elaborate dishes, fill the streets and squares with life.

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Trujillo is one of the most visited destinations of Extremadura because of its heritage. Romans, Visigoths, Muslims, Jews, and Christians have defined their identity here for centuries. The Plaza Mayor and the historic center have magnificent palatial architecture, having been built with the fortunes from America. The stately homes and Trujillo’s heraldry are places to be visited, as are the Castle and the Santa María la Mayor Church. The city is birthplace to important figures from the Age of Discovery: Pizarro, explorer of Peru, and Orellana, discoverer of the Amazon River. The National Cheese Fair takes place in Trujillo’s Plaza Mayor in May.

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With its Plaza Grande and Plaza Chica (Large and Small Squares), both of which are porticoed, Zafra has been, for centuries, an influential center of craftsmanship, commerce, and livestock – something that has not been lost in our days, as evidenced by the Feria Internacional Ganadera y Tradicional de San Miguel (International Livestock Fair and Traditional Saint Michael Fair), celebrated since 1453. Noteworthy in this town which is rich in heritage is the Zafra Castle (Palacio de los Duques de Feria), which has been converted into a Stateoperated "Parador" hotel and has a spectacular façade and nine crenelated towers, as well as the Santa Clara Convent-Museum and the Candelaria Collegiate Church. De la Luna al Fuego (From the Moon to the Fire) Festival recreates the Spanish Golden Age, an age of splendor in the history of Zafra.

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Download the cities brochure (ES, EN, FR, PT, DE): BROCHURE


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